There are diverse reasons as to why individuals borrow money, whether it’s loans from Citrus, banks, online lenders or credit unions. A person, for example, could get a loan to fund a deficit, some make use of loans for educational purposes, make hefty purchases, whereas others use it for profit-making investments.
In today’s economic age, loans have turned out to be something relatively important. But the importance of loans isn’t only limited to individuals as governments borrow money as well. This then would mean that borrowing or loans come in different categories and types.
A country could borrow from another country, governments could borrow from individuals, and the other way around. In any case, loaning as well as lending are elemental to a country’s economy.
Loans are used for and in capital investments. These finances that go into capital expenses fuels the activities in a business which lead to the economy’s general growth. There were circumstances wherein governments were forced to significantly spend on revenue expenditures. What is its implication? For instance, an thing of revenue expenditure is funded with loans. This basically means future revenues that are used now, which is rather crucial. It isn’t good thing for a country to compromise its autonomy and independence because of loans.
Loans – Its Role in the Stability of the Economy
Governments make use of loans to control or have power over the country’s economy via central banks. There are two ways wherein loans could be utilized in the stabilization of the economy.
Periods of Inflation
Inflation is the condition wherein there is an overall rise in the cost of services as well as goods in the economy resulting to the decline of the consumers’ purchasing power. During periods of inflation, there is so much money circulating going after few services and goods. Inflation occurs when an increase in credit is present which increases the money supply in the economy. Therefore, the costs of commodities also increase which raises the rate of inflation.
To control inflation, the government, via the central bank, will be increasing the rate of interest placed on loans as well as on deposits. Since interest rates are high, individuals can’t loan or borrow. This causes individuals to save money reducing the quantity of money in circulation. amount of money in circulation. Hence, inflation declines.
Periods of Deflation
Inflation isn’t a nice situation to be in. Frequently, consumers suffer because of lessened purchasing power. Does this make deflation a better scenario? Deflation is the reverse of inflation. Prices of services and goods considerably slumps, and this may possibly impact the economy in a negative way.
To control and correct deflation, there is a call for added credit to encourage and fuel investments. As a result, the government, again via the central bank, cuts down the rates of interest place on loans as well as deposits. This then incites consumption or purchasing power of the consumers however limits savings, thus controls deflation.
The impact of loans on the economy could actually be more than inflation and deflation, since the each kind and level of loans or debts influence the economy in different ways.